It is a process in which an organization's safety procedures, policies, equipment, etc. are examined carefully to see if they are effective.
Safety audits serve two broad purposes:
- They are routinely conducted in order to determine whether the company is in compliance with safety legislation. These can be performed by representatives of a regulatory body or by the company itself.
- They are used to identify weaknesses in their safety programs and processes. These audits are then used as a guide for designing safety plans or to identify corrective actions that should be undertaken.
A safety audit can involve a walk-through of the facility, interviewing management or employees and reviewing the company’s documentation.
Although performing these safety audits can be time-consuming, the benefits are extensive as under:
- As an integral part of any safety management system, periodic audit only can reveal to know whether it is actually working or not;
- Review of controls and regular auditing allows to identify areas where it is occurring and to know how to correct;
- Regular feedback on the safety management system and to avoid potential losses to improve the company's safety performance;
- Safety audits allow to find where additional training is needed and to help the workforce;
- Demonstrating the company's commitment to safety of employees, potential customers and Government regulations.
Various Safety Audits
General Safety Audit
- The General Safety Audit contains different applications of the Safety Management Systems, namely Fire Safety, Electrical Safety, Mechanical Safety, Physical, Chemical and Construction safety etc.
- The audit is carried out as per IS 14489:1998 on "Code of Practice on Occupational Safety & Health Audit", and other applicable statutory and regulatory requirements.
- Collection of information, analysis of data, making a schedule, site study,
- Identification of the activities that can lead to major fires and explosions.